Originally published: news.com.au
AFTER receiving their high school results over the past fortnight, graduates across Australia will be thinking long and hard about their options.
But while they’re going through their course options and preparing job applications, anxious about the dwindling graduate employment rate and competition for positions, there’s one category of jobs that will likely be overlooked.
Analysis by jobs website Adzuna has revealed the jobs that Australians just aren’t interested in, with trades and construction coming out on top.
With minimal qualifications required, you’d think trades would be a popular choice.
The report showed that while jobs advertised in the construction industry has increased by 10 per cent, apprenticeship commencements were down 5.6 per cent year on year.
Adzuna CEO Raife Watson called on schools to remind students of the option of vocational education and training as an alternative to university.
“Despite reports that the residential construction boom in Sydney is starting to wind down, we continue to see growth year-on-year in advertised vacancies across a wide selection of job roles in trades and construction,” he said.
“The primary concern for the construction industry is the continued decline in apprenticeship commencement rates.”
Mr Watson said there was a “stigma” associated with TAFE studies and apprenticeships that Australia needed to work to remove.
“Twenty-three university graduates compete for each role, whereas in some Australian states, two jobs are available for all qualified apprentices,” he said.
“I expect this number to increase in the coming years as apprenticeship numbers continue to decline.”
In South Australia, where school leavers’ results were released this morning, graduates are being urged to consider taking on a trade or traineeship.
Business SA says apprenticeships and traineeships are viable career options as Australia faces a skills shortage across a range of industries.
Sharyn Davies, from Apprenticeship Support Australia which is administered by Business SA, said a high score in year 12 is not a guarantee for future success.
“It’s more important for young people to follow their passions,” she said.
“When we are doing something that aligns with our strengths, skills and passions, we have a higher level of wellbeing and are more likely succeed in building a successful career.”
Did you know that choosing a bricklaying apprenticeship will put you financially ahead of a 3 Year Bachelor’s Degree by about $110,000 by your 3rd year? You will have earned a training wage while you learned a craft-based skill, plus your training fees are reimbursed by your employer and your tool costs are relatively minimal.
Meanwhile, the university student is paying fees upfront and relying on unskilled casual work to subsidise living expenses with no specific job prospect at the finish. In fact, the report referred to below states that it takes an average of 4.7 years for a uni grad to find full time work in their industry of study.
Read the rest of the article: https://www.becomeabricklayer.com.au/brickies-blog/trade-apprenticeship-pay-rates-put-you-110000-ahead-of-uni-grads-after-year-3-of-study/
Hailing the end of the so-called “valley of death” of shipbuilding jobs, Defence Industry Minister Christopher Pyne will on Thursday reveal Sydney-based construction giant Lendlease has been selected as the managing contractor for the Osborne South Shipyard construction.
Hiring and other mobilisation work will start this month and the new shipbuilding infrastructure is expected to be ready for the $35 billion project to build nine frigates, starting in 2020.
It is expected the announcement of 600 construction jobs for the Osborne yard’s expansion will be the first of hundreds of naval shipbuilding jobs to be detailed in coming weeks and months.
A PwC study exclusively revealed by The Advertiser yesterday forecast the Adelaide-based $89 billion naval shipbuilding program, headlined by the $50 billion project to build 12 new submarines, would create 8000 jobs in South Australia over 40 years and deliver a $134.4 billion boost to Gross State Product.
Mr Pyne, above, said the Osborne South Shipyard construction project would create 600 jobs at its peak, the biggest hiring at the Techport shipbuilding precinct since construction of three air warfare destroyers started in 2010/11.
“The valley of death is over and we are now seeing an upturn of employment in naval shipbuilding in our state that will only continue to increase as these new projects gain momentum,” said Mr Pyne, also the Sturt MP.
Osborne-based shipbuilder ASC axed 130 jobs in January as part of the continuing decline of work on the $9 billion air warfare destroyer project, which peaked at about 1500 Adelaide jobs in early 2015 ahead of the first ship’s launch.
Finance Minister Mathias Cormann, whose department owns the Techport precinct, said the $230 million purchase of the shiplift and wharf from the State Government in May had enabled work to progress quickly.
Senator Cormann declared the contractor announcement the latest step to “enable our historic investments in naval shipbuilding to commence on schedule”.
Mr Pyne in May revealed the $535 million infrastructure build to support the frigate construction, along with the first two of 12 offshore patrol vessels to be built at Osborne from next year, before the $3 billion project moves to Perth.
The first sod was turned in August on the $535 million yard — part of an expected $1.3 billion infrastructure investment at Osborne.
The Advertiser at the time revealed the new yard has been designed so most work can occur indoors and will use the latest technology, including robotic welding to increase accuracy and efficiency.
BUSINESSES URGED TO GET EXCITED
The South Australian business community is being urged to get excited about and prepare for the $89 billion “economy-changing” opportunity linked to defence shipbuilding work.
The Australian Defence Force will get a new fleet of submarines, frigates and offshore patrol vessels over the next few decades with most of the work being done in SA and WA.
New research by professional services firm PwC yesterday revealed the projects will deliver a massive $134.4 billion boost for the state, including 8000 jobs.
French company Naval Group (formerly DCNS) has won the $50 billion contract to build 12 submarines at Osborne’s Techport naval shipbuilding precinct.
Nine frigates will also be built at Osborne in a $35 billion project from 2020, as well as the first two of 12 offshore patrol vessels from next year before the project transfers to Western Australia. Submarine construction will start in 2022-23 and the last boat is likely to enter service in the early 2050s. For much of this time, the frigates project will also be running.
Defence Minister Christopher Pyne, BAE Systems Australia chief executive Glynn Phillips and News Corp Australia’s SA managing director Ish Davies will be discussing the economic boost in store for the state at an event in Adelaide on Thursday night.
The event will also celebrate a seven-week project that analysed the opportunities linked to the Naval Shipbuilding Program, which culminated in a magazine publication.
Mr Phillips highlighted the need for SA to keep its “eye on the ball” to ensure shipbuilding provides genuine, long-term opportunities to create new industries and thousands of highly paid jobs.
“It is important we get this right from the start. We need to work together, and collaborate across industry and academia. We need to be well prepared to meet the challenges ahead,” he said.
The builders of an award-winning home made from hemp hope to inspire a shift towards making it a mainstream construction material.
Balanced Earth recently won the Master Builders New South Wales Energy Efficient Building award for a home in the Byron Bay hinterland, in northern New South Wales.
Architect Michael Leung said while industrial hemp was popular in textiles, there was a growing interest in using the cannabis sativa plant in buildings.
“I think we’ve just hit the hemp industry at the right time, and in Byron Bay there’s a real consciousness and responsibility to the environment so it’s just seamlessly flowed together,” he said.
Builder Luke Wrencher said hemp’s most positive attribute was its sustainability.
“When you grow the hemp it takes the carbon out of the atmosphere and it stores the carbon in that fibre and you process it and lock the carbon up into the building, so at that point it becomes carbon negative,” he said.
“To have a building material that is carbon negative is almost revolutionary.”
To use hemp in construction, the builders take the chopped hurd, that is the inner woody core, and mix it with lime and sand to create a substance they have dubbed “hempcrete”.
In the award-winning Byron hinterland home, the builders constructed frames from recycled timber to hold the hempcrete walls.
“The actual packing of the hemp is very easy to do, kids, children, wives, husbands, anyone can do it,” Mr Wrencher said.
“The hardest thing is you need a carpenter for your formwork, but then it can definitely be a community thing to do, pack the hemp into the formed up walls.”
The set walls have a texture similar to rendered concrete.
Mr Leung said he began looking into hemp after his wife’s father died from mesothelioma, an asbestos-related illness.
“We moved to Byron and wanted to build our dream home and my wife was adamant we weren’t going to use any toxic materials,” he said.
“Then we met Luke, who had been working with hemp, and it went from there.”
Mr Leung said hemp had proven to have outstanding thermal and acoustic properties.
“It’s not just an insulator, it buffers temperature and humidity and prevents damp and mould growth,” he said.
“It makes the building a healthy environment.”
Making hemp mainstream
Mr Leung said the company’s goal was to make hemp commonplace in the Australian construction industry.
He said the cost was comparable to conventional building products and could potentially be lowered if greater quantities of industrial hemp were grown commercially.
“Our vision is to really get hemp into mainstream construction and design,” he said.
“We’re leading the way in terms of design and builds in this country in hemp and we’ve only done eight builds and a number of feature walls.
“We’d really like all builders to be using it and there’s no reason why they shouldn’t.”
Getting an apprenticeship in South Australia can lead to a long term career in the Building and Construction Industry. That means working outdoors, earning an income while you study and having the opportunity to eventually be your own boss. The tricky part can be choosing which trade is the best fit. Pre-apprenticeship courses are an excellent way to try a number of trades before selecting which one you most enjoy.
Many people select the trade they want to focus on based on knowing someone working in that field. That doesn’t necessarily mean its the trade for you, but it is a good way to find out what working in the industry is like. At FCTA – Building Careers we have developed a pre-apprenticeship programme that allows people to try bricklaying, tiling, plastering, basic concreting and scaffolding. These are also the trades we train apprentices in. That means if you enrol in a pre-apprenticeship course with us, you will be working on some projects with existing apprentices. This is a great way to find out more about the trade.
Currently, we have a number of employers urgently looking to hire apprentices. The majority are after people under 21 who have a drivers license and car. If you are in the process of getting your license, most will consider your application. Adult apprenticeships aren’t as readily available. This is because the employer is paying anyone over 21 at the full rate. Many times employers will prefer to hire people over 21 as labourers instead.
The difference between labouring and an apprenticeship is a ‘Contract of Training’. That means that apprentices sign a binding contract with employers to work for them under the apprenticeship scheme. The benefits for apprentices are that they are paid to go to trade school to complete a Certificate III in their trade of choice, that’s the ‘earn and learn’ tag sometimes mentioned. Contracts are normally for 4 years, so getting an apprenticeship offers both job security and further education.
To help get an apprenticeship in Adelaide you can enrol in a pre-apprenticeship course, approach trades people directly or contact group training organisations (GTO). GTO’s are places like the HIA, TABMA, Maxima, CEG who hire apprentices directly and then place the apprentice with a ‘host’ employer. The Government has also set up a great website that explains the pathways for apprentices https://www.aapathways.com.au/
If you are considering an apprenticeship and you have questions, you can always arrange a time to talk to us or come in for a meeting. Our pre-apprenticeship courses run through out the year. If you would like to enrol, please call on 8367 5615 or email email@example.com. The dates for our next courses are:
05/09/2017 – 10/11/2017
30/01/2018 – 06/04/2018
06/03/2018 – 11/05/2018
01/05/2018 – 06/07/2018
Advertised positions are often posted on Gumtree, Facebook, Seek & Indeed Jobs. Each morning a summary of these advertised roles are posted to our Facebook page.
Hiring a new employee is an important decision for your business. We have specialised resources to help you find the right person, get them started and meet your obligations under workplace laws.
Tips for hiring new staff
There are a few things you should know when you’re hiring staff, especially if you’re doing it for the first time.
Know the law
There are laws which give employees rights including minimum wages, pay slips, leave and notice of termination. You also need to know about tax, superannuation and workplace health and safety.
Thinking about hiring
Assess the current and future needs of your business and define the role you want to fill.
Attract the right people
Once you have a clear idea of the role you want to fill, advertise the position. Make sure the right people hear about it and want the job.
Choose the right person
Shortlist job applicants whose skills and experience best match the role, and ask interview questions that focus on the skills and abilities needed for the role.
Make an offer
Once you’ve chosen someone, contact them to offer them the job. It’s best to follow this up in writing with a letter of offer.
Start on the right foot
Invest time in a thorough introduction because this will help you get the most from your new employee. It will also make sure that your employee feels well-informed, welcomed and equipped to do their job.
Have a productive workplace
Meet with your new employee to set goals, expectations and training needs during the first few weeks. Then schedule regular catch-ups to talk about how they’re going.
Resources for hiring new staff
Once you’ve hired someone, you can provide them with our Guide to starting a new job (DOCX 39.9KB)(PDF 235.7KB) or Guide to starting an apprenticeship (DOCX 68.6KB)(PDF 1.7MB), to help them understand their rights and obligations.
Degree apprenticeships bridge the gap between technical skills, employment and higher education. Is there scope for something similar in Australia?
There are growing calls for a debate about the role of post-school in society, both in Australia and overseas.
After 30 years of constant expansion, some complain universities have become too vocational in nature — too focused on jobs, not enough on the art of inquiry.
At the same time, the vocational education sector is reeling from 15 years of funding cuts and the aftershocks of failed free-market experiments.
Numbers in trade apprenticeships and traineeships are plummeting. Less than 30 per cent of vocational students in Australia work in the areas in which they studied.
The same is true of higher education. An annual survey of university graduates from 2014 shows 54 per cent of all bachelor’s degree holders said their qualification was a formal requirement for their job.
But the proportion ranged from one in four humanities graduates to 96 per cent of medical graduates. The more regulated the profession, the more degree and career path are likely to be correlated.
The British higher education system is rolling out an alternative education route.
Degree apprenticeships were launched in the UK in 2015. These are designed to bridge the gap between technical skills, employment and higher education.
They’re part of a larger scheme intended to reinvigorate apprenticeships more broadly.
A 0.5 per cent levy on corporations with an income of more than 3 million pounds ($4.8 million) funds the system.
Supporters say the initiative is good for employers and good for students, especially for disadvantaged students.
They not only struggle to get into higher education (despite an uncapped system) but are also much more likely to drop out of it.
How do degree apprenticeships work?
Degree apprenticeships work a lot like traditional trade apprenticeships: students work in a related job with their education strapped on around their employment.
Traditional degrees are steeped in theory and deliver practical experience through internships, practicums or other work-based experiences.
In contrast, degree apprenticeships deliver a skill and a qualification simultaneously. Students work four days a week and study for one.
Crucially, the apprenticeship levy covers tuition fees, so students don’t graduate with a debt.
If adopted here, this could enable Australia to avoid the distress over rising debts seen in the UK, where it is expected 80 per cent of students will never fully repay their loans.
In the last UK election, Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn rode a rising tide of anger among younger votersover student debt with his promise of a return to free higher education.
Even Andrew Adonis, Tony Blair’s former adviser and architect of the current loans scheme, switched camps.
He described the income-contingent loans scheme that resulted in a tripling of fees in 2012 as a Frankenstein’s monster and “a Ponzi scheme“.
Are we at a tipping point for higher education?
While Australia doesn’t have the same immediate crisis, several factors suggest higher education could be heading slowly towards a tipping point.
Government plans to increase university fees and introduce more rigorous parameters for the Higher Education Loans Program (formerly HECS) have sparked furious debate.
Meanwhile, graduates face a declining employment market. Just 69 per cent of graduates in 2014 held a full-time job four months after graduation, compared to 81 per cent a decade earlier.
Part-time work, casualisation and under-employment are widespread. Graduate salaries have been more or less static for years.
Increasingly, students, particularly the most advantaged, turn to postgraduate education to boost their chances in an overcrowded jobs market, raising questions over credentialism.
Having larger numbers of people with a higher degree produces public benefits, including better health, better parenting, higher rates of volunteering and lower rates of incarceration.
But all of this comes at a cost to the taxpayer and does little to correct an imbalance in skills entering the jobs market. Too many lawyers does not balance out a shortage in IT experts or agricultural scientists.
The question is whether new pathways need to be created to help young people straddle the gap between education and work.
Preparing graduates for the workforce
Work is underway on this issue in Australia.
The University of Tasmania, for example, is adding associate degrees, which are shorter, cheaper and more vocationally focused on local industries than full bachelor degrees.
Perhaps other institutions, particularly those in regional and outer-metropolitan areas, should consider the possibilities offered by the UK-style degree apprenticeship model.
These are the universities, after all, that educate by far the greatest proportion of disadvantaged students.
Ironically, degree apprenticeships are a modern, more work-intensive version of the associate degrees that colleges of advanced education offered before the higher education system was unified under the Hawke government in 1989.
Perhaps part of the emerging discussion should include a return to a tripartite public education and training system, which includes TAFE, teaching-only polytechnics and research-intensive universities.
The post-secondary education sector may have a limited appetite for more structural reform.
However, as a society, we do need to tackle the question of whether a higher education system devised 30 years ago, onto which uncapped student places have been glued, is still fit for purpose.
Times have changed and education systems must surely move with them.
Stephen Parker is an honorary professorial fellow at the Melbourne Centre for the Study of Higher Education, University of Melbourne and an emeritus professor at the University of Canberra. He is also the education lead partner at KPMG Australia.
As an apprentice you’ll get the same entitlements as other employees, such as annual leave, sick leave, public holidays and breaks.
You also need to know about your entitlements for your training, like whether you get paid to attend training and who pays for your training fees. Find out about:
There may also be specific entitlements in your award that apply as well. Read about:
Best practice tip
You should also check your training contract for other entitlements.
There may be entitlements in awards and registered agreements that apprentices don’t get.
Off-the-job training is time spent in structured training delivered by a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). It’s often delivered at a site away from the workplace and referred to as trade school. It doesn’t include:
- normal work duties or
- supervised practice on the job.
The time you spend at trade school is paid time and is included in your ordinary hours of work (eg. 38 hours). You need to agree with your employer about how often you will go to trade school (eg. 1 day per week or week blocks of training).
If you don’t go to trade school when you’re supposed to, you don’t get paid for that time (unless you’re on sick leave or another type of leave).
The payment for trade school isn’t worked out based on the actual hours you go to training. Instead, you get paid for 25% of the hours you work for your employer each week.
This payment for training:
- only applies when you’re a full-time school student
- is paid at the full-time apprentice hourly rate (including any all-purpose allowances)
- can be averaged over a semester or the year.
If you aren’t a full-time student you have to be paid your hourly rate for all the time spent in training.
Example: Payment for training for school-based apprentices
Sean is a full-time school student doing a school-based apprenticeship. He works 8 hours per week with his employer.
Sean must be paid:
- for the 8 hours per week he works with his employer and
- 2 hours per week for his off-the-job training (being 25% of 8 hours).
In total, Sean needs to be paid 10 hours per week.
You have to be reimbursed for:
- all the fees charged by your RTO that are related to your training
- the cost of your prescribed textbooks for your apprenticeship.
Check your award to find out when you should be reimbursed.
When training costs aren’t reimbursed
An employer doesn’t have to reimburse you for fees and textbooks if:
- your progress in the course is unsatisfactory
- your employer pays the costs and fees directly to the training organisation, or
- you aren’t working for them at the set time that the costs have to be reimbursed.
They also don’t have to reimburse you any part of the fees that the Government reimburses you.
Think a mistake might have been made?
Mistakes can happen. The best way to fix them usually starts with talking.
Check out our Help resolving workplace issues section for practical advice on:
- figuring out if a mistake has been made
- talking to your employer or employee about fixing it
- getting help from us if you can’t resolve it.
You might also be interested in
- Australian Apprenticeships Trade Support Loans
- Free online courses to develop your money management skills at ASIC’s Be MoneySmart online training centre
Building cladding has been checked on thousands of Adelaide CBD buildings and 77 of them listed for more detailed checks, including the new Royal Adelaide Hospital, which is due to officially open in early September.
The Metropolitan Fire Service (MFS), Adelaide City Council and a State Government department checked 4,500 buildings of two storeys or more, in the wake of London’s fatal Grenfell Tower blaze this year.
The audit determined 77 buildings, including the new city hospital, warranted further investigation but 38 of those buildings had isolated cladding.
MFS chief officer Greg Crossman confirmed the new Royal Adelaide (nRAH) was on the list for more checking.
“My understanding is that questions have been raised about cladding in the nRAH,” he told reporters.
“The Metropolitan Fire Service — obviously with the nRAH being a major building construction piece for South Australia — we’ve had an interest from planning and designing phase right through to the opening phase.”
Mr Crossman said he felt confident the building would comply.
“I can assure everyone here that the cladding used in the nRAH building, to our knowledge, meets the conformity requirements of that building, so I have no concerns that the nRAH building is not safe.”
Lord Mayor Martin Haese said it was important to make a thorough assessment of buildings.
“For reasons that are extraordinarily unfortunate, the Grenfell incident has brought this to everyone’s attention and this is top of mind,” he said.
What did the cladding audit check?
There was a focus on composite aluminium cladding, types of which were used in both London’s Grenfell Tower and an apartment block which caught fire in Melbourne’s Docklands in 2014.
SA Deputy Premier John Rau said the composite material was “not of itself illegal or necessarily a risky material to use in construction”.
He said further checks would take in factors such as overall design and sprinkler systems.
Mr Rau said he was hopeful all the identified CBD buildings would pass MFS physical inspections.
“Whatever is found by the MFS that may not be up to scratch will be the subject of immediate action,” he said.
“The MFS have all the powers of direction when it comes of public safety so nobody need be concerned.”
Details of other buildings on the list of 77 premises have not been made public.
Should CBD apartment occupants be worried?
Mr Rau and Mr Crossman both say there is no need for worry.
“I think it’s very important that we make it clear to people who might be concerned about these matters that the standards that are required of [developers] are very high,” the Deputy Premier said.
“Before anyone has moved into these buildings there’s a certification, independent of the builder, that that building is compliant with those building standards.”
He said the second phase of investigations would ensure there was no issue with any CBD building which had not been apparent from the checks of design specifications.